Prohibition in Ahmedabad:
Experiment of prohibition of intoxicated drinks was undertaken by Bombay Govt. when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel inaugurated the Scheme in Ahmedabad on July 20, 1939. In order to wean away workers from addiction to drinks, a number of welfare activities for better use of leisure time of workers were started under auspices of the Prohibition Department.
Late Shri Mohanlal P. Vyas and Shri Shantilal R. Shah, now the General Secretary of the T.L.A. did pioneering work in this field.
With a view to afford systematic training to the workers for some alternate occupation and to improve the earning capacity of the workers and meaningful utilization of the leisure time, the T.L.A. asked upon the Government to open a workshop for industrial training in important trades. This Industrial Training Workshop was started at Saraspur, the heart of the labour locality of Ahmedabad in 1939.
Rising Prices and Dearness Allowance:
When the Second World War broke out, there was rise in prices of essential commodities. In 1940, the T.L.A. decided to make a demand for dearness allowance so as to neutralise the rise in the cost of living. After a protracted procedure under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1938, the matter was finally referred to the Industrial Court, and the proposed general strike was averted. The award of the Court gave 66% neutralisation against increased cost of living in cash and the rest in kind. Subsequently due to some practical difficulties of supplying in kind both the Associations entered into an agreement to pay the amount of dearness allowance in cash in the year 1941. Under the new agreement, the workers of Ahmedabad got dearness allowance to the extent of 96.66% of the total rise in the cost of living.
Bonus as Deferred Wage:
Due to war, the industry could make remarkable improvement in profits in the year 1941. The T.L.A., therefore, demanded 25% rise in general wages. The case was referred to the Industrial Court, and the award was given in the terms of settlement arrived at between the parties outside the Court. Under this settlement, the workers were paid one and a half