His active, valuable and dedicated services and mature guidance to the Textile Labour Association have always been a source of inspiration. The present-day working class movement in the form of Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC.) owes a lot to the efforts' of these three pioneers—Mahatma Gandhi, Ana-suyabehn Sarabhai and Shri Shankerlal G. Banker—along with Shri Gulzarilal Nanda and late Khandubhai K. ,Desai.
Fundamentals of Labour Movement
'-:: The? hectic strtiggle of the above-mentioned period, and the one yrhich then followed provided ground to Mahatma Gandhi for the formulation of the principles of effective labour movement suited to the ehviionmenfct of this country, which consequently formed' the basis for setting up trade union organisation in Ahm.-edabad.-He was Justified in calling it a laboratory for testing'hib trade union techniques and methods of 'Truth' and 'Non-violence;
in the field of industrial relations. The principles laid down by him have a permanent value for all who are interested in trade union work and the same have been followed more or less by the Ahmedabad workers, since then.
.,-,•,r.I,. ^T^ .w«fker« and their leaders should make reasonable;
Wd Im?! .defflW^! <and,insiiBt on the minimum. They shoul^ always be readyfor, .alterations in their proposals; if the opppsi^e;
p^arty is;able to cpi^yince them that they are in the wrong. j
,2. The weapon of strike should, be the last one in the arm-omy^o(,;the industrial workers. It should be resorted to only Y<hen;.^l; peaceful ^nd constijtutioni methods of negotiations, con-ciliatioja and arbitration are exhausted. Even during the course, of strike, workers should be prepared for just settlement or refe-, rence to arbitration. ,,,;
"3. Peaceful and non-violent behaviour even under provocation Is the' sine qua non of obtaining justice through "any m.^ss'
struggle^ of. this' mie. '^hile on strike, workers should' be i^areiEu^
-r,')?®^,!). ii.i';,-, ;•'*, .;•••.,j; i"ii .••• i •; . .1 .; .:• '.i> i ^ •yi.'/ •,i'.yni! not to damage the property or injure ,the person of anybody.
They should not bear ill-will towards the "employer'or their offi'^ cers, as the workers have to fight the evil in the employers, and ribt the employers personalty. '
'•• .(.^ •.!••/'' . . ' • • • •• •! . • . •
. i 4. - The workers should maintain their self-respect and, there- -fore,they should not rely on the funds raised from the public or:
by Byanpathisers for conducting a strike, A worker on strike'she-' uld try to find out alternative occupation to maintain himself;