Aiming at All-round Development:
The Textile Labour Association represents how a trade union of Gandhiji's conception can function in an unassuming manner in order to help the workers to grow to their full height. Not that it claims to be doing all that it is expected to do, but it would be seen that it is a step in the right direction. What does an average Indian worker aspire for? He wants a steady job, a habitable house and a happy family life. It may be argued that he would also aspire to take active part in the politics of the country. True, but his participation as that of any other citizen, should be a natural development of his civic sense. He should function in a democratic climate not as an inferior being, certainly not as a dictatorial superior, but as a member of a free society on terms of perfect equality.
If this analysis is correct, it would be found that the Textile Labour Association endeavours to cater to these aspirations in a capital way. It claims to concentrate its energies on the triple task of creating physical conditions where they would live a happy and healthy life as also enlighten themselves on various phases of life which would make their life more useful and more fruitful. This method alone would make them normal beings, without any fear of aggression or injustice from any quarter. They would negotiate with their emoloyers in times of crisis in a peaceful manner, and if negotiations fail and arbitration is. not accepted by the other side they would then resort to strike in a peaceful way. It would thus be seen that a trade union based on such democratic -Ideal alone is eminently fitted to evolve peaceful industrial relations.
The complaints that arise at the factory in course of work are firstly attended to by the representatives of the workers themselves. If the representative fails, he would direct the corn. plainant to go to the Union Office to get his complaint recorded. When the complaint is recorded, the Inspector-in-charge of the respective mill personally visits the mill and inquires into it and tries to get it redressed by mutual negotiations with the officers of the management. In case he fails, he would forward it, with his remarks, to the officer-in-charge of a group of ten to twelve mills, who deals upon it at length on the subject-matter of the complaint, and approaches the top management for the solution. If it is not solved at that level, by the Group-Officer, it is passed on to the Divisional Officer-in-charge