Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
Certain classes of industrial labour which do not fall in any of the group mentioned above are the Central and Provincial Public Works Departments Municipalities and Rickshaw-pullers. Employment in the Central Public Works Department has been subject to wide fluctuations, being dependent upon the nature and extent of the works programmes in different areas. As the table below shows, total employment in 1944 in five zones was 123, 622. 0 these 107, 321 or 86 .8% were unskilled. Departmental labour i.e., labour employed and paid by the C.P.W.D., directly Forms only a quarter of the total the rest being employed by contractors.
Employment in the Central Public Works
Department in 1944.
|Eastern India||1, 650||14, 390||5, 956||39, 723|
|Southern India||427||2, 414||249||12, 580|
|Western India||125||550||290||2, 013|
|Central India||290||1, 322||272||1,330|
|Northern India||2, 072||8, 262||4, 971||24,737|
|Total||4) 554||26.938||11, 747||80, 383|
|Grand Total .||
Figures given below show employment in some of the bigger Municipalities in India. We find that although population in all these towns has, in the course of the last six years, increased by 100 to 200 per cent. there has been little increase in the number of municipal employees:—
Employment in the bigger Municipalities
|Bombay||19, 033||20, 351|
|Cawnpore||1, 721||2, 266|
|Karachi||2, 7 8|
The number of workers employed as rickshaw-pullers has considerably increased since 1939. In Calcutta, Madras and Simla, where ad hoc surveys were conducted by the Committee, 28, 098 persons were employed in 1939. By 1944, the number had increased to 40, 882.