Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
Except for the Karachi tramways where wages have been revised as a result of adjudication, awards, etc., basic wages in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta, excepting those of the low-grade workers in the last centre, have remained unaltered since the outbreak of the War. Bus services, on the other hand, have given increases in basic wages. So far as Tramways are concerned, the basic wages per day of drivers of the first grade are Rs. 1-9-3 in Karachi, Rs. 1-9-10 in Bombay and Rs. 1-7-2 in Madras. Conductors of the first grade get slightly less, their daily basic wages being Rs. 1-5-8, 0-14-2 and Rs. 1-5-6, in Karachi, Bombay and Madras respectively. Inspectors of the first grade get Rs. 1 -11 -1 in Karachi and Rs. 1-13-11 in Bombay. Among the workshop staff, the highest wages are those of fitters in Karachi whose basic wage is Rs. 2-7-8 per day. Dearness allowance is given by all the tramway companies and most of the bus services. The allowance is paid either at a flat rate or on a graded scale. In one case it was linked with the cost of living index number. The net earnings per day of certain categories of workers including dear-ness allowance and overtime pay are as follows:ó
Tramway driversóRs. 2 in Karachi; Rs. 2-1-0 in Bombay; Rs. 2-1-8 in Madras.
Conductors (1st grade)óRs. 2-1-4 in Karachi; Rs. 2-1-0 in Bombay;
Rs. 1-15-11 in Madras.
InspectorsóRs. 2-8-9 in Karachi; and Rs. 3-3-1 in Bombay.
The following table (Table 120) shows the daily basic wages and net earnings of workers in Tramways and buses in selected centres:ó
Average Daily Basic Wages and Earnings in Trams and Buses*
In all tramways, overtime is compulsory in cases of emergency. Except in Calcutta where overtime is paid at the rate of 1 1/4 times up to two hours and at 1 1/2 times from two to four hours, in the other centres it is paid according to the provisions of the Factories Act. In the case of Bus services overtime is rarely worked. Fines are imposed by tram companies for cheating, wrong punching of tickets, insolence, absence without permission, neglect of duty and failure to comply with traffic regulations. Deductions are also made for shortage of cash in conductors collections, advance on loans, loss or damage to employers' property, etc. The fines imposed are in accordance with the provision of the Payment of Wages Act. Fining is rarely to be found in bus services. With the exception of casual labour in Karachi tramways, wages are generally disbursed monthly, up to the 10th of the succeeding month at the latest.