Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
In this industry, considerable variations in wage rates and earnings exist not only in the same Province but also in the same occupation. The basic wage structure has remained practically the same in most of the concerns bat dearness allowances are being paid to meet the increased cost of living. In Bengal, particularly, there a no uniformity in the scale of dearness allowance and no attempt has been made to relate the allowance to the increase in the cost of living. It was found that of the concerns
investigated, 13 in Bombay and 5 in Baroda pay no dearness allowance at all. Three concerns in Bengal and one in Madras have both given the dearness allowance and a wage increase. In Baroda and Bangalore dearness allowance is paid at a flat rate Amongst the concerns in Bombay, 11 grant dearness allowance on the basis adopted by the Mill-owner's Association, Bombay or Ahmedabad. The following table shows the position regarding wages and earnings in the chemical industry in the country:—
Wages and Earnings (in Rs. per month)
|Type of Labour||Bombay||Bengal||Baroda||Bangalore|
Nearly one-third of the factories investigated granted profit bonus amounting usually to two to three months' wages. Other bonuses such as Regularity Bonus, Loyalty Bonus, Special Temporary Allowance, Night Work Allowance, etc., are also granted to workers in a few concerns. In a majority of cases the wage period is a month but in 8 concerns payments were made fortnightly. Weekly payment is also prevalent in some cases and in a few more than one wage period is adopted, for example, weekly for daily-rated workers and monthly for permanent workers. In a concern in Baroda, the payment is daily. Fining is common but not excessive.