Report on Labour Conditions in the Tram & Bus Services||
|Collection||Commissions on Labour (1931-91)|
|Sub collection||Labour Investigation Committee (1946)|
|Title||Report on Labour Conditions in the Trams & Buses|
|Creator||Labour Investigation Committee (1946)|
|Subject and Keywords||Transport, trams, bus|
|Description||Report on conditions of employment in trams and bus|
|Publisher||Publication Manager, Government of India|
|Format||GIF Images, uncorrected OCR Text|
|Resource Type||Industry wise labour conditions reports - printed|
The following table shows the percentage increase m tlio net montHIy earnings including allowances over the basic wages that prevailed in 1939 :—
This shows that there has been an increase in the net earnings in almost all categories of workers in trams and buses. But, in view of the changes in the cost of living as indicated by the Bombay working class cost of living index, it can be said that this has been more than offset by a rise of prices.
Overtime.—Overtime is compulsory in one unit, optional in the other. A record of it is kept and is open to inspection by workers. Overtime is paid at the rate of ' time ' and a quarter. The workers contend that overtime should not be compulsory and tlia; ii, should be paid lor at the rale of ' time ' and a hail'. These objections are, however, held in invalid on the ground that overtime in trams and buses depends upon the exigencies of transport service and cannot frequently be foreseen or provided for in advance. The second demand is opposed in view of the Factories Act and the Bombay Shops and Establishments Act which govern the rate of overtime.
Deductions.—Deductions in respect of provident fund, savings fund (optional) loans, grains and store materials (if any) are made by one of the units only. The other unit does not make any deductions.
Fine fund.—There is a fine fund in one unit under reference, called the Employees' Welfare Fund. The rules are that deductions in respect of fines are not to exceed 5 per cent, of salary or wages, except in cases of ' out-standings ' when employees leave the company's service. Fines inflicted in excess of 5 per cent, of salary or wages are to. be deducted in two or more instalments. All such fines are credited to the Employees' Welfare Fund. This rule does not apply to conductors' shorts. Court fines are not to-exceed Ks. 2]4 p.m., the balance being carried forward: to the next month.
The amount outstanding in the- fund is about a lakh; of rupees which is kept in a b'ank in the joint names of the General Manager, the Secretary and the-Assistant Secretary, either of whom can operate on,1 this: account singly. This fund consists of the following :—
(a) all fines recovered from employees,
(b) donations made by passengers transgressing bye-laws, etc., in lieii of legal proceedings being taken,(c) proceeds of ' Lost Property r sales