Report on Labour Conditions in the Tram & Bus Services||
experience, result of trial and recommendations, if any, count a great deal. At tli-3 same time, it is alleged that association, acquaintance or relation with any of the present workers of one of the sampled units is regarded as a positive disqualification for service.
Allowances.—Two sampled units alone pay dearness allowance, one of these giving, in addition, house rent allowance. The dearness allowance of Ks. 14 per month at the East India Company is doled on the basis of a month of 26 working dsys, according to the number of days worked. This is also allowed on paid holidays and annual earned leave of 30 days. The East India Company also grunts one month's pay as bojius.
Overtime.—Only occasionally overtime work is taken at one uni't and payment is mad'j in accordance with the regulations of the Factories Act. The overtime registers are available to the workers. Overtime at the East India is compulsory. For all work done after 8 hours, overtime is paid at the rate oi1 l-][2 times the ordinary earnings. Inspectors are not entitled to overtime payments. The drivers and conductors are booked 30 minutes earlier than the duty hour. The former go to Uie depot »nd take out the trams or buses, as the case may he, and the conductors who also come to the depot first, accompany ihe vehicle to the scheduled termini and take charge of tickets and cash. (This stipulation does not apply to traffic clerks*or inspectors). Although they are thus booked 1|2 an hour earlier, no action is taken if they reach the depot V'ithin one quarter of an hour of the duty time, from which the eight hours are counted. If, however, an employee does not turn up 15 minutes in advance, it is alleged that wages for 1|4 of the day i.e., 2 hours, are deducted. The drivers have to bring hack 1he vehicles to the shed while the conductors have to hand over tickets and cash at two termini specified for this purpose. In order to compensate the drivers and the conductors for the loss of this leisure (i.e., approaching earlier than the actual duty hours), they are paid for the loss (15 minutes in the case of single shift run of duty and 30 minutes for a double shift run of duty) at the standard rate of pay. This is deemed as joining time. Such extra hours (1|4 or 1|2 of an hour) per day are totalled up and the wages are paid along with the monthly pay. What is really objectionable is that, at this unit, registers are not open to inspection to the workers or their representatives. The other concerns do not require overtime.
Dcdft-dions and Fines.—Tf at; employee is absent from work, his wages are accordingly deducted. Thoua-h the wages are on monthly basis, the actual payment is made for the number of'days worked during that period. Small advances of Rs. 5 to Rs. 20 ore allowed free of interest in ease of necessity and those are recovered on the pay day. Loans, if and when required by the employees of the East India Tramways Company, can be obtained from the provident fund.
At the East India Tramways Company, fines are inflicted in accordance with the provisions of the Payment of Wages Act for cheating, wrong punching of tickets, leaving passengers without tickets, insolence and absence without permission. The amount of the fine does not exceed Re. 1. The lowest line is annas two. In case of graver offences, the offenders are suspended for one or two clays. The amount realised during the last 12 months does not exceed Rs. 100, which was credited to the Sickness Benefit Fund. The other units do not levy fines or other deductions.
Wages are in variably paid on a monthly
the 7th, at the
of every month. '