Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
The terms of reference given above were subsequently modified by the Government of India in July 1944, and the Committee were asked to confine themselves to fact finding, as envisaged by the resolution of the Tripartite Labour Conference quoted earlier and not to attempt to follow up those parts of the General Questionnaire, such as, questions 7, 11, 12, 14, 19, 20, 28,100— 102, 106, 107, 110, and 111, the material on which could be left for the Planning Committee to deal with.
The Committee's main task thus has been that of fact finding. It has been however, somewhat difficult to determine the precise scope of the term "fact-finding". Apparently, Government intended that the Committee should conduct a full fledged enquiry into labour conditions throughout India. In doing so, the interpretation of the term cannot be so rigid and narrow as to exclude matters of vital importance to labour in particular and to the community in general. The Committee referred to the reports of some earlier fact-finding Committees such as the Fact-finding Committee (Handloom and Mills) and the Nind Committee which was appointed in 1930 to investigate certain facts relevant to the economic and financial relations between British India and Indian States. From such a reference, it did not appear that those Committees had interpreted their task so narrowly. The dividing line between facts and opinions is not always clear, and logically many statements of facts may be regarded as expressions of opinion. Moreover, once the facts are stated conclusions are irresistible; and the Committee felt that in view of their special and privileged contacts, not only were they best fitted to draw these conclusions from facts presented by themselves but that they would be failing in their task if they did not do so. Any suggestion made by the Committee here or in the ad hoc reports may, therefore, be regarded as expressions of opinion only, as they fully realised that it was not their task to make any specific recommendations as such.