Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
In the principal factory industries in the country, namely cotton and jute. the wage rates and earnings remain entirely unstandardised, in spite of repeated discussions on the subject now for several years. The only important centre of the cotton mill industry in which wages have been standardised is Ahmedabad and an attempt in this direction has also been recently made at Indore. It is stated that the main obstacle in bringing about standardization is the lack of co-operation of labour. This is, however, only one side of the picture. It would appear that the employers in this industry are afraid of departing from the status quo. The figures in the ad hoc survey Report on Cotton clearly show how wages vary from unit to unit in the same centre. Similarly, in the jute mill industry in Bengal, there are such large variations in the wage rates even in the same locality that it is no wonder that labour should be mobile and restless and want to get a job in a mill where the rates are higher. It cannot be too strongly urged that modern industry cannot proceed on such a basis. Even in semi-Government bodies like municipalities and port trusts, there is little surprising that the ports, which are locally managed by the Port Trustees or Commissioners under the direction of a department of the Central Government, should not have attempted to bring about standardised conditions of either work or of wages.