Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
In this industry there are two main categories of workers, namely cutters and loaders. Drillers may be regarded as a sub-category of cutters. Cutters are paid on four different systems: (a) the box system (b) the tub rate, (c) the cubic foot rate, and (d) the tonnage rate. The workers seem to prefer the box system which is easy to remember. The rates of wages differ for soft ore and hard ore although there is not much difference in the earnings of the workers dealing with these two types of material. The cutters' earnings, including dearness allowance, vary from Re. 0-13-6 to Re. 1 per day. Loaders are generally paid on a daily rate basis. Their wages vary between as. 5 and as. 8 per day Differential rates are paid for men and women loaders. Dearness allowance on a sliding scale is paid by the TISCO while other concerns pay an extra food allowance at a flat rate. The TISCO also pays a profit sharing bonus and attendance bonus. Permanent workers of the TISCO who get wages up to Rs. 25 per month are given 50 per cent. of their wages as dearness allowance. After this there is a diminishing sliding scale. Workers under contractors at Noamundi get 25 per cent. of their basic wages as dearness allowance. At Gorumahisini contractors pay no dearness allowance. The Indian Iron and Steel Co. Ltd., at Gua pays extra food allowance at the rate of 1 1/2 annas per rupee earned. The Orissa Minerals Development Co. at Barabil pays no cash allowance or bonus, but sells foodstuffs such as rice, dal, wheat products, oil etc., at rates ruling in June 1942. The C. P. Syndicate, who are contractors, have opened a grocery shop for selling foodstuffs at controlled rates to their workers. Fuel is supplied free of charge to a certain proportion of the workers at Noamundi and this is also the case in other mines. Apart from food allowance and concessions in the TISCO mines the workers employed directly by the company get two months wages as profit sharing bonus every year. Those who are absent for only one day during four weeks of work are paid two days' wages as attendance bonus, while those who are absent only for two days get one day's wages, Company labour is paid direct but contractors' labour is paid through the recruiting sardars. The wage period is both the week and the month. Speaking generally wages are paid a week after they are due in the case of weekly paid workers and after ten days in the case of monthly-paid workers Companies pay their staff punctually but contractors often hold up payments for weeks at a time. Except in the TISCO mines wages have not been standardised.