Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
The workers in the mineral oil industry are all time-rated. In Assam the artisans in the refinery are classified into five grades, the lowest grade getting Rs. 1-2-0 to Rs. 1-6-0 and the highest Rs. 3-8-0 to Rs. 4 per day. In the Punjab, skilled workers in the refinery have generally two grades, the minimum and maximum rates being Re. 0-10-0 and Rs. 3-8-0 per day respectively. The rates of wages per day of skilled oil workers vary from Rs. 1-2-0 to Rs. 4 in Assam and from Re. 0-12-0 to Rs. 3 in the Punjab. Unskilled and semi-skilled workers receive a wage or as. 12 to Rs. 1-2-0 in Assam and between the Re. 0-9-0 and Re.0-11-0 per day in the Punjab. An analysis of the daily basic wages in the industry shows that 47 .7 percent. of the workers in Assam get wages between Re. 0-12-0 and Re. 1 and only 7.9 per cent, over Rs. 2. In the Punjab the modal group which consists of 58.3 % of the workers earns between as. 8 and as. 12 while only 6.9% get above Rs. 2 per day. The Assam Oil Company gives a dearness allowance of Rs. 16-8-0 per month, a temporary emergency, allowance of 10 per cent. of basic wages earned and an absent dependents' allowance of Rs. 3 for each ration less than 4 drawn from the Company's stores. The Attock Oil Company gives dearness allowance at the same rates as the N. W. Railway. The allowances in both the Oil Companies are linked with attendance. A peculiarity in both the centres of the industry is that a worker forfeits his dearness allowance if he is absent without leave for two days or more in the month in the Punjab and for more than 6 days in the month in Assam. This practice is illegal under section 9 (2) of the Payment of Wages Act. The wage period in both the concerns is a month and wages are paid within 10 days of their becoming due.