Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
The general wage level in this industry as a whole has gone up by 100 per cent. or more as compared to the pre-war period, although till 1942 wages did not show any appreciable increase. Blowers were the first to get considerable increases in their wages. Most of the concerns are paying consolidated wages but some have kept basic wages separate from dearness allowance. Blowers wages in 1939 were about Rs. 45 per month, but now they are earning about Rs. 100 per month. In some cases they earn much more. The earnings of blowers in factories equipped with semi-automatic blowing machines are about Rs. 60 per month as these machines can be easily worked by less skilled operatives. Helpers neck-makers, firemen, etc., earn Rs. 65 to Rs. 70 per month. Before the war, their average earnings seldom exceeded Rs. 30 per month. Unskilled male workers who used to earn Rs. 10 to 12 in 1939 get at present about Rs. 30 to Rs. 35 per month. Similarly, the average wages of women workers have increased from Rs. 8 in 1939 to about Rs. 24 per month in 1944. In the glass bangle factories at Firozabad, wages have increased by 150 to 200 per cent. Here, the employers agreed with the local Mazdoor Sabha in 1939 to pay minimum wages to certain specified categories. These rates were further increased in 1943. The current rates of wages are, however, considerably above those laid down in the agreement. Tarwalas and belanwalas are the highest paid workers in these factories. The bigger glass manufacturing firms pay separate dearness allowances. Some of them pay at a flat rate while others have dab or percentage rates. The glass works at Balwali, in the United Provinces Pays dearness allowance of Rs. 15 per month to all its employees while another concern in the same province pays dearness allowance at annas 10 in the rupee. Some of the factories in Bombay have not raised their basic wages. In the Punjab, basic wages have gone up considerably and a dearness allowance is paid at two annas in the rupee. Usually regularity in attendance is insisted upon as a condition precedent to the payment of the full allowance, and in case absence exceeds two or three days in a month, a pro rata deduction is made. The period of wage payment in most of the factories is a month and wages are paid by the 7th of the following month.