National Commission on Labour (1967)||
11.34 Trade unions should take greater interest in educating workers. Unions should also take steps to ensure that welfare facilities provided by employers, either statutorily or voluntarily, are popular with workers, since the object of creating these amenities is defeated if the workers do not use them. There is also the need for unions to advise workers to take interest in the activities of institutions, such as canteens and transport and welfare committees, wherever they have been formed by the management. Where they do not exist, unions should urge management to move in this direction. The unions should also associate themselves with the State inspection machinery for the implementation of various statutory welfare measures. To encourage unions for undertaking approved welfare activities subsidies should be given to them from the Statutory Labour Welfare Funds.
11.35 In conclusion, we would urge that the concept of welfare should necessarily be dynamic. Some facilities which are considered too difficult to be provided today would be taken for granted in the years to come, as additional needs overtake the working class. For instance, we were told that in one of the industrial townships, a demand for a primary school was made on the employer some ten years back. Within three or four years of its establishment the workers wanted a secondary school. Now that their children are growing out of the secondary stage of education, all sections of the working class—and this is a place with inter-union rivalry—are unanimous in impressing upon the management the need for a college. In the case of medical facilities too, aspirations are no different. A worker who would have been happy to be treated in a dispensary ten to fifteen years back, now chooses the doctor who should treat him and also the treatment he should get. So too, are the tastes for recreational and cultural activities changing. All these are symptomatic of the
changes coming over the whole society and the agencies) which provide welfare amenities to worker cannot be an exception. Indeed we workers, whether they are specially created may view it as indicating a welcome concern fund organisations, employers or Government, on the part of the workers for better living on should keep this aspect in mind in organising which we have laid stress elsewhere.1 The welfare in the years to come.
ANNEXURE (Ref. Para 11.8)
|Name of the State||No. of Labour Welfare Centres||Activities Conducted||Remarks|
|1. Andhra Pradesh .||11||Adult Education classes, recreation facilities, cultural activities, craft centres for women workers, schooling of children upto nursery classes.||In view of the large labour population, the present number of centres is not sufficient. To cater to the needs of 25% of the labour population, at least 55 L.W.Cs. are required.|
|2. Bihar||25||Recreational and cultural activities, training in crafts, games and sports.||Besides, L.W.Cs. were run voluntarily by the employers' and workers' organisations. The State Govt. sanctioned a grant for the opening of L.W.Cs.|
|3. Gujarat . .||38||Recreational and educational facilities.|
|4. Jammu & Kashmir||6||Recreational amenities like indoor/outdoor games, cultural programmes, medical and educational facilities, library and reading rooms.||It has been proposed to expand some of the existing welfare centres to make these more suited and helpful to workers.|
|5. Madhya Pradesh||33||Indoor and outdoor games, adult education, library and reading rooms, cultural activities, recreation including entertainments, games, and sports.||28 L.W.Cs. were managed by the representative trade unions. The State Government provided annual grants-in-aid. In 1964-65, Rs. 78,272 were paid as grants-in-aid.|
|6. Maharashtra||72||Reading room and library, sports, gymnasium, indoor/outdoor games and sports, training in handicrafts, education for children.|
|7. Mysore . . .||16||Facilities like reading room, sports, gymnasium, library, indoor and outdoor games, musical instruments, lessons in sewing were provided in these centres.||Besides these, there were labour welfare centres run by private enterprises with financial assistance given by the State Government.|
|8. Orissa||19 Multipurpose Centres and 5 Reading Room-cum-Recreation Centres.||Educational, cultural and recreational facilities to industrial workers, primary education facilities for children of workers; tailoring classes for women workers.||The Centre is managed by an Advisory Committee comprising membership from employers, employees and Government. This Advisory Committee tenders advice about the day-to-day activities of the Centres.|
|9. Punjab . . . 10. Rajasthan||21 29||Recreational and educational facilities,
indoor/outdoor games, library and reading rooms, embroidery, sewing and knitting classes
for women workers.
Medical aid, maternity and child welfare facilities, adult education, wrestling pits, handicrafts training such as tailoring and lace making, reading rooms, libraries and recreational facilities.
|11. Uttar Pradesh||71 Labour Welfare Centres and 2 children Recreation
|Indoor and outdoor games, provision of medical assistance, provision of reading rooms and libraries, adult education, variety shows, dramatic performances, musical programmes, training in tailoring, knitting, lace-making and embroidery.||Five Peripatetic Training Centres were functioning at Kanpur. In these centres, training was imparted in handicrafts such as fruit preservation, toy making, basket making, paper flowering etc.|
|12. West Bengal||40 Labour Welfare Centres and 10 Model Labour Centres.||Recreational facilities such as indoor and outdoor games, children's sports, cinema shows, reading rooms, radio and musical instruments, primary classes for workers' children (accessories like books, slates and pencils were provided free of charge), literacy classes for adult workers, training in crafts e.g., tailoring, embroidery and knitting, leather and other handicrafts, toy making, etc.|
|13. Delhi||10||Recreational facilities, music classes and adult literacy classes.|
|14. Tripura||5||Recreational facilities, along with educational and vocational training.|
|15. Pondicherry||2 Labour Welfare Centres, 2 Child welfare Centres and 2 Craft Centres.||Indoor games, library, radio-set and training in various handicrafts.|