National Commission on Labour (1967)||
The Whitley Commission discussed working conditions in the context of the health, safety and welfare of workers and the administration of the Factories Act then in force. In the context of the situation then prevailing, working conditions was a subject of major interest. With the codification of many of the recommendations made by that Commission and the relative shift in emphasis to other issues connected with labour emerging since Independence, we have set for ourselves a somewhat limited task in this area of our inquiry. The topics chosen by us for discussion cover inter-alia the strength of inspectorates, frequency of inspection, safety, health, working environments (ventilation, temperature and lighting), and hours of work. Aspects like sanitation, canteens, crèches, drinking water, rest shelters and other facilities have been dealt with in the next two chapters.
9.1 In reaching "conclusions and framing recommendations, we have derived considerable assistance from the deliberations in the Conference of the Chief Inspectors of Factories (CCIF) of different States whom we invited to discuss the problems they faced in their work, as also the possible remedies. Where necessary, we have distinguished between traditional industries and new ones which have already been established or are likely to be set up. There is an essential difference between the working environments in units belonging to the two groups, although certain features such as hours of work and rest intervals can be common to both.