National Commission on Labour (1967)||
We now analyse and assess the means, agencies and arrangements for preparing a person for work environment, his training before and after he gets into employment, induction into disciplines required at various levels of work, and greater responsibilities an industrial worker of today has to shoulder as he develops his skills by conscious and diligent work. Broadly, these fall into two distinct fields, viz., (i) vocational training and (ii) workers' education. For each of these fields we constituted separate Study Groups whose reports have been used by us while making our assessment and recommendations. Vocational training imparts the necessary skills required for a job as well as it raises the level of these skills for vertical mobility of workers. It does not end with pre-job training, but continues on the job as well. Induction programmes and promotion policies that form part of personnel management have a close link with training. Workers' education, on the other hand, aims at promoting understanding by a worker of (i) the unit where he works, (ii) the colleagues with whom he has to share his work environments, (iii) the higher levels of managerial hierarchy responsible for making his working life meaningful, and (iv) the rest of the community with which he has to spend a major part of the day: all these will also be a part of the process which builds up a worker.