Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
APPENDIX VI Extent of Employment in Various Industries.
Remarks to accompany the Employment Chart.
Figures given in the Chart refer to the total employment in British India except where stated otherwise in the following notes. Employment figures for Indian States wherever available are also given below:—
1. Coal.—Figures refer to British India only.
2. Manganese.—Besides those in British India, the Indian States employed 3,554 workers in 1939 and 1,809 workers in 1943.
3. Gold-—Figures refer to Mysore State only and in addition - 7,736 workers in 1939 and 6,358 in 1944 were employed by contractors but paid by the Mining Companies. In British India 143 workers were employed in 1939 and 219 in 1943.
4. (a) Mica Mining.—Figures refer to British India Only. In addition, 27,164 workers in 1939 and 52,170 in 1943 were employed on uparchallas and in Indian States.
(b) Mica Manufacture.—Figures refer to whole of India and are an estimate. The employment in Mica factories during 1939 was about 22,000 and during 1943 it was about 45,000. The balance is made up by employment in the Domestic section.
5. Iron Ore.—Figures refer to British India alone. Besides, the employment in Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Mysore States in 1944 was 1,500, 675 and 500 workers respectively.
6. Rock Salt.—The figures are for Khewra only.
7. Mineral Oil.—Figures refer to British India.
8. Tea.—Figures refer to whole of India and include 97,000 workers in 1942 employed by Indian States; separate figures of employment in Indian States for 1939 are not available.
9. Coffee.—Figures refer to whole of India and include 63,050 workers employed by Indian States in 1943 and 58,281 in 1939.
10. Rubber.—Figures refer to whole of India and include 32,125 workers employed by Indian States in 1942. These figures for 1939 were 28,034.
11. Cotton.—Figures refer to whole of India. 12. Jute.—Figures refer to British India only.
13. Silk.—The figures relate to British India only. The employment in Indian States in 1939 was 4,386 and in 1943 it was 7,198 workers.
14. Woollen.—The employment in Indian States was 9,768 workers in 1939 about 3,800 in 1943. In addition the woollen carpet and Shawl weaving establishments and the hosiery factories employed 3,382 and 264 persons respectively. According to an estimate made there were also about a lakh of handlooms engaged in the weaving of wool throughout the country.
15. Dockyards.—Figures refer to British India.
16. Engineering.—Figures refer to British India only.
17. Cement.—Figures relate to British India and comprise cement lime and pottery factories together. Indian States employed 3,667 and about 9,000 workers respectively during 1939 and 1943.
18. Matches.—Besides the British Indian figure the Indian States employed 3,747 and 5,600 workers respectively during 1939 and 1943.
19. Paper.—Figures relate to British India ; and during 1939 and 1943 the Indian States employed 887 and 1,100 workers respectively.
20. Carpet Weaving.—Figures relate to employment in the four selected centres, namely, Mirzapur, Amritsar and Srinagar.
21 . Coir Matting.—Figures relating to Travancore and Cochin States only and are an estimate.
22. Tanneries & Leather goods,—Figures relate only to British India.
23. Potteries.—Figures relate to sampled units only at Calcutta, Bangalore and Gwalior.
24. Printing Presses.—Figures refer only to British India.
25. Glass.—Figures refer to British India only. The total estimated employment for all India is between 30,000 and 35,000. The excess of employment over the figures given in the chart is made up by about 5,000 workers in Indian States and the rest by unregulated factories and cottage shops in British India.
26. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works.—Figures refer to British India.
27. Shellac.—The figure is an estimate for the whole of India, This includes 510 workers in Indian States.
28. Tobacco.—The figure is a combined one for Bidi, Cigar and Cigarette industries. The bidi industry is estimated to employ 500,000 persons throughout India. The Cigar and Cigarette industries in India employed 3,300 and 12,121 workers respectively in 1943.
29. Sugar.—-Figures refer to British India.
30. Cotton Ginning and Balling,—Figures refer to British India.
31. Rice Mills.—Figures refer to British India.
33. Transport Services.—Figures refer to British India. The figures for buses represent an estimate only and are for 1944.
33. Railways.—Figures relate to all railway servants, on all railways throughout the country.
34. Port Trusts.—Figures relate to five selected ports only.
35. Municipalities.—Figures relate to seven selected centres only, namely, Bombay, Lahore, Madras, Calcutta, Nagpur, Cawnpore.
36. Central P. W. D.—An estimate.
37. Rickshaw Pullers.—Figures relate to selected centres only.