Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
A large majority of the workers employed in tanneries are chamars belonging to the Scheduled Castes. In Madras, their wages vary, on an average from as. 8 to as. 14 per day. In Cawnpore, the basic wages of the majority of the workers are as, 6 to as. 12 per day Women, however, receive a basic wage of as, 4 only per day. In Calcutta, the basic wage level is higher and all workers get, on an average, a basic wage of more than as. 8 per day. As regards earnings, in Madras, the majority of piece-rate workers earn, on an average, between Re. 1 and Rs. 1-4-0 per day and time-workers from as. 12 to less than Re. 1 per day. In Cawnpore, owing to the liberal scale of clearness allowance which is being paid, the average net earnings of 75 per cent. of the workers are Rs. 1-8-0 and above. In fact, 32.7 per cent. of the workers earn, on an average, between Rs. 2-4-0 and over Rs. 2-8-0. Including allowances, time-workers in Calcutta earn from as, 14 to Rs. 1-1-11 and piece-workers who form over 85 per cent. of the total earn from Rs. 1-8-0 to over Rs. 2 per day. Most of the tanneries pay dearness allowance to meet the increase in the cost of living. The rates of dearness allowance are the highest in Cawnpore. The following tables (Tables 105-110) give the average daily basic wages and earnings in important centres of the industry:—
Frequency Table for Average Daily Wages in Tanneries and Leather Goods Factories at Cawnpore
Table showing Average Net Earnings per day in Tanneries and Leather Goods Factories at
Click here to see Frequency Table showing Average Daily Wages in Tanneries and Leather Goods Factories at Madras.
Frequency Table showing Average Net Earnings per day in Tanneries and Leather Goods Factories at Madras.
Table Average Daily Wages in Tanneries and Leather Goods Factories at Calcutta.
While in Cawnpore and Calcutta the wage period is a month, in Madras in the majority of the units it is a fortnight. Wages are paid promptly at the end of the wage period in all the three centres. Fines, as a rule, are not imposed nor are there any unauthorised deductions from wages.