Report on Labour Conditions in the Tram & Bus Services||
The workshop staff oJ' t.vj luiits work for 8-1 1 2 hours, excluding one hoar of rest, on all week days. The transportation and commercial staff work for 8 hours a Jay. With the exception of inspectors whose work involves surprise checks and whose woricing hoars do not extend to more than 8 hours a day on the whole, all other workers work either a single shift or a double shift. The single shift consists of a straight b hour duty while in the case of a double shift there is ai> interval of not les.s than 3 hours between the two spells of duty. The length of each spell of work does not exceed five hours, except in connection vvith 9 routes out of a total of 68. The average shift consists of 4 hours.
The earliest vehicle starts plying at 7 a.m. and the last one starts from the termini at .10-S'O p.m. The early morning runs are generally straight shifts 01 8 hours each.
Two of the other bus services have small workshops which are closed on Sundays and sectional holidays. The employees of the commercial and transportation sections are not allowed any weekly holiday but they are ordinarily given two days' leave or wages in lieu thereof every month. Three units maintain garages for ordinary repairs to their vehicles. These are well lighted and ventilated.
For the convenience of the staff called to duty in the early hours of the morning, the East India Triiunvays Company has set apart a room where they can take ninht's rest. This is also a rest room for all the workers during the daytime. There iire also arrangements for drinking water at the important termini for the convenience of the transportation and commercial staff. No washing or bathing facilities are provided in any unit.
Rest Intervals. — At the East India Company, the minimum rest period provided for drivers and conductors at the termini at the end of each trip is !> minutes in the case of main line and a maximum of 13 minutes on branch tram routes. The minimum rest period during 8 hours' duty works out to 48 minutes and the maximum to 4 hours and 44 minutes (an average of 290 return trips per day are run on the main line and 250 on branch lines). This is according 10 the statement of the Company but in reality it is not so ; rather the gravest complaint of the workers is that they have no rest at all.
At (lie buses, rest intervals are very satisfactory. For example, drivers of one sampled unit have -to complete only one return trip of 25 miles a day. Another unit operates its buses between 15 to 22 and 10 to 19 hours respectively. Stoppage at each terminus is more than 30 minutes.
Health and Medical Facilities.There is no exclusive dispensary or hospital for workers or their families at any of the services. The East India has made arrangements with a private M.B., U.S. practitioner on Us. 20€ a month for the treatment of its employees. The doctor does not keep separate registers for them but he said that he treated about 20 cases every day. Serious cases were sent to the civil hospital. Ailments were of an ordinary nature, e.g.. cough, cold, fever, etc. There is no regular periodical medical examination. The Company has established Sickness Benefit Fund, out of which help is administered to the poor and deserving successors of deceased members. The Dalmia Bus Workers are at liberty to nvail themselves of the Cement Factory Dispensary. Since it has been newly started, the doctor in charge who is an L.S.M.F. on Us. 1.35 p.m. states that so far there has been no case of treatment of the bus workers. TIi? remaining sampled units have no dispensary or hospital of their owiu L'27SD,f