Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
The Tripartite Labour Conference passed unanimously the following resolution in September 1943:—
"This Tripartite Labour Conference recommends that, with a view to provide adequate materials on which to plan a policy of social security for labour, the Central Government in co-operation with the Governments of Provinces of British India, Indian States and the Chamber of Princes should immediately set up machinery to investigate questions of wages and earnings, employment and housing and social conditions generally, and that as soon as possible after receipt of the required statistics and other data the Central Government should appoint a mixed Committee to formulate plans of social security."
The Labour Investigation Committee was appointed by the Government of India in the Department of Labour by a resolution which runs as follows:—
"In pursuance of this (Tripartite Labour Conference) resolution and in order that information may be collected bearing upon Various aspects of social security, so as to enable the Planning Committee subsequently to be set up to draw up a programme of social security for labour in India, the Governor-General-In-Council is pleased to appoint a Committee of Enquiry to be known as Labour Investigation Committee. The Committee will be composed of:—
(1) Mr. D. V. Rege, I. C. S., Chairman.
(2) Mr. S. R. Deshpande, M. B. E., Member.
(3) Dr. Ahmad Mukhtar, Member.
(4) Mr. B. P. Adarkar, Member and Secretary. and its terms of reference will be as follows:—
(a) To collect data relating infer alia to wages and earnings, employment, housing and social conditions of labour and in particular of industrial labour, in India and
(b) to investigate and report infer alia on the following matters:—
(1) the risks which bring about insecurity,
(2) the needs of labour, by various classes, to meet such risks,
(3) the methods most suitable for meeting such risks, and
(4) housing and factory conditions. The Headquarters of the Committee will be at Simla."
The Committee were asked to extend their investigations generally to all industrial and semi-industrial labour covered by the Royal Commission on Labour in their report, with the addition of certain other categories and to decide in each case the most suitable manner of conducting the enquiry.
Government, however, considered that the method of enquiry should not merely consist in sending out questionnaires to Government agencies and Employers' and Workers' Associations, but should also include specific enquiries in individual concerns based on representative sampling. The above terms of reference were slightly modified at a subsequent date, as indicated later.