Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
In many of the units of the industry, basic wages have been increased by more than 25 per cent. since the outbreak of the war. The rates of dearness allowance vary considerably from centre to centre and the extreme limits are about Rs 30 per month in Bombay and Rs. 10 per month in Kashmir. The wage level is the highest in Bombay with about 70 per cent. of the workers being in the daily wage groups as. 12 to Rs. 1-4-0. The level of wages in the factory at Kashmir is the lowest in the country where nearly 70 per cent. of the workers get a daily wage of annas six to annas eight a day. Nearly 60 per cent. of the workers in Amritsar are in receipt of a daily wage of annas 12 to annas 14, and about 68 per cent. of the workers in Dhariwal receive a basic wage varying from Re. 0-9-5 to Rs. 1-2-0. In Mysore, nearly 48 per cent. of the workers receive a daily wage of less than as. 10, as many as 40.29 per cent. being in the wage group as. 8 to as. 10. Owing to the comparatively high rate of dearness allowance prevailing in Bombay City, no worker receives less than a rupee per day and nearly 90 per cent. get more than Rs. 1-6-0 per day. In Cawnpore also, owing to the high rate of dearness allowance, nearly 84 per cent. of the workers earn more than Rs. 1-8-0 per day. In Mysore, the largest unit pays a dearness allowance of Rs. 15 per month and this has considerably improved the earning position of the workers with the result that nearly 42 per cent. are to be found in the earning group Rs 1-6-0 to Rs. 1-8-0 per day. In Kashmir, not only are the basic wages the lowest in the country, but so are the earnings and nearly a quarter of the workers have an earning of less than as. 6
per day and other quarter between annas 10 and annas 12 per day. The larger units of the industry in Bombay, Cawnnpore and Bangalore have been paying a profit bonus varying from one-sixth to one-fourth of the earnings exclusive of dearness allowance. The largest unit in Mysore, was paying a profit bonus even before the War and has a regular system of linking it with the dividends declared. The wage period is a month in Bombay, Dhariwal, Mysore and Kashmir, while in Amritsar it varies from factory to factory, being a month in some cases and a fortnight in others. The wage period in Cawnpore is fortnight.