Labour Investigation Committee (1946)||
Name of concern......................
Name of Proprietor or Managing Agent..............
Date of Establishment............................
I. State the average daily number of workers (other than the clerical staff) employed in August 1939 and in January 1944, or at date of enquiry as follows;—
(a) Total number of workers .........................
(b) Number of piece-rate workers ..................
(c) Number of time-rate or salaried workers ..........
|(i) Employed and paid directly|
|(ii) Employed and paid through|
|(iii) Employed through con|
|tractors but paid directly.|
2. If you have any statistical information regarding the length of service of operatives in your concern, please give it in the following form:—
those between 0 & 1 year of service,
those between 1 & 5 years of service,
those between 5 & 10 years of service, and
those over 10 years of service.
3. Are your workers classified as permanent and temporary? Give the percentage in each category and describe the privileges of each type of workers.
4 State the system of apprenticeship for ordinary and supervisory posts and terms, if any.
Is the apprenticeship period counted towards total service?
5 Is there any system of graded or time-scale promotion? If so give details.
6. State the labour turnover in your concern for the years 1939 and 1943 or any recent years in the form below:—
|Average daily number of workers employed during the month or year||Total number of workers who left during the month or year|
What are the reasons for the labour turnover, if any? Suggest measures for reducing it.
7. Supply figures of absenteeism in your concern for the years 1939 and 1943, What are the causes of absenteeism and how would you reduce-it?
8. Are there any Standing Orders governing the relationships of employers and employees? Please supply a copy of the same, if possible.
9. (a) How do you recruit labour? Explain the system of recruitment fully.
(b) Have you a Labour Officer to enquire into the grievances of workers? If not, what other machinery have you set up for this purpose?
B. Wages and Earnings
10. What are the wage-rates for different types of workers? What changes have occurred in basic wages, salaried and piece (exclusive of allowances, etc.) since August 1939?
Does contract labour receive the same rates of wages as labour directly employed in the same or similar occupations?
11. Please describe in- brief the principles determining the fixation of your wage rates for all classes of employees.
12. Please give details of clearness and other allowances, bonuses and gratuities paid to workers since the outbreak of the War and state which of these is temporary and which is permanent. Are any conditions attached to the payment of these allowances?
13. Give details of the wages and earnings of workers who have worked the same number of days in the wage period from...... to........in the form attached at the end of this Questionnaire.
14. How is overtime calculated and paid for? Is overtime work compulsory? Do you maintain any registers for recording overtime? Are these available to the workers or their representatives for inspection?
15. What deductions are made from wages?
16. Is there a Fine Fund? What is the amount outstanding in it and how is it utilised? Who is in charge of its disposal?
17. What are the periods of wage payment for different kinds of workers? How long after the end of the wage-period are wages paid?
18. Are there any regular closed days in the month in your concern? What holidays (other than for festivals, etc.) are given to workers?
C. Working Conditions
19. How many shifts are worked in your concern? What is the number of hours of work in each shift and the times of commencement and ending? What is the total spread-over, i.e., the relation between hours worked and hours during which workers is on call?
20. If any multiple or overlapping shifts are worked, describe their arrangement.
21. State the conditions of ventilation, lighting (natural and artificial), congestion (i.e., floor area per worker), flooring protection against heat, etc.
22. Are shelters provided for employees during rest intervals? Give their dimensions, structural details, seating arrangements, etc.
D. Welfare Activities
23. Give an account of sanitary arrangements, water supply, latrines, urinals, washing and bathing facilities, etc. and their distances from the concern. Is cool water supplied in summer?
24. Is there any dispensary or hospital for workers and their families? If so, state the number of cases treated every day, prevalent diseases, qualifications of doctors in charge, their emoluments, etc. What is the system of medicine? Can any of the diseases workers suffer from be called occupational in character? Is there any periodical medical examination of workers?
25. Is any canteen provided or arrangements made for tea, cold drinks, light refreshments, etc.? Who runs them and how are profits if any, utilised? Describe conditions of contract, if any, and compare sale prices of articles supplied with market prices.
26. Do you maintain a creche for the benefit of your women workers?
27. What are the facilities available for the education of adult workers and their children?
28. Is there a grain shop for workers? What are the commodities supplied and how do their prices compare with market prices?
E. Housing Accommodation
29. Give details of housing provided by the Employer with reference to:-
(a) Proportion of workers housed,
(c) Types of houses,
(e) Sub-letting, and
(f) Sanitation and water supply.
30. If workers live in their own houses or in houses provided by private landlords or public bodies, state their condition carefully.
F. Trade Unions and Strikes
31. Have workers formed any trade union? State membership, monthly subscriptions, etc. Has there been any agreement regarding wages, hours of work, employment, dismissal, etc. Please supply a copy of agreement, if any.
32. Is there any works committee? Give its constitution and an account of its activities.
33. Give details of strikes in your concern during the last fifteen years. What were the causes of such strikes and how were they settled? How far were the demands of the strikers satisfied?
G. Safety Acts etc.
34. Does the concern come under the Factories Act? If so, are the provisions of the Factories Act complied with? Give dates of visits of Factory Inspectors during the past ten years and extracts from the remarks in the Factory Inspection Book.
35. Are the provisions of the following Acts observed in your concern—
(1) Electricity Act,
(2) Payment of Wages Act,
(3) Workmen's Compensation Act, and
(4) Maternity Benefit Act.
What action have you taken to acquaint your staff with the provisions of these Acts?
36. Give the number and nature of cases of occupational diseases reported in the last 10 years. Is there any provisions of medical facilities for the treatment of occupational diseases?
37. State the number of accidents which occurred in 1943. Was any compensation paid? If so, how much and in how many cases?
38. Are the workers indebted? Give an idea of the extent of their indebtedness and the causes responsible for the same.
39. What is the usual rate of interest charged from the workers? What remedial measures have been enforced by the Government to reduce this indebtedness? How far have they been successful?
40. Please supply a copy of the Provident Fund rules, if any, especially in reference to:—
(c) Rate of interest,
(d) Investment, and
(e) Conditions of claims on employer's contributions.
41. Give details of pension schemes and gratuities, if any. Please supply a copy of the rules.
Click here to see WAGE FORM FOR AD HOC SURVEYS
1 State if the factory is perennial or seasonal.
2. While answering question 1 in Part I of this questionnaire, state separately the number of children below 15 years and adolescents between 15 and 17 years employed in the factory.
3. Does this factory grow any sugarcane on land owned by it if so, state the number of persons employed by it on land. How many of these obtain employment in the factory during the season?
4. What is the proportion of seasonal workers who are agriculturists?
5. What is the average duration of employment of seasonal workers in the whole year?
6. Is any register of employees maintained? If so, is any preference given to persons who had been in employment in previous seasons?
7. Is any travelling allowance paid to seasonal workers at the commencement or at the termination of working season? State the amount paid and the conditions attached thereto.
8. State the total number of working days in the crushing season. What are the months of active working?
9. If the factory is perennial, state the nature of its products during the out of season months.
10. How are engineers, chemists and other permanent employees kept engaged during the slack season?
11. Is it possible to extend the period of crushing? What are the
difficulties in doing so? Can you suggest possible remedies?
12. How are molasses and bagasse disposed of?
Tanneries and Leather goods factories
1. What is the proportion of seasonal workers who are agriculturists?
2. Describe the arrangements that are made for the disposal of affluent. How often is it drained out in a week? Is it drained out through a pucca or a kachcha drain? And, is it led into any public drain, river or adjoining area.
Buses and Trams
Note.—While answering Part I of this Questionnaire, please give figures separately for the Engineering, Transportation, Commercial and Allied Departments.
1. What special effects, if any, have buses and trams on the health of the drivers and conductors?
2. In transport concerns, where shift system does not prevail, state the average number of hours worked by employees on running duties and the 'spread-over' of working hours.
3. Do wages differ according to the size and/or type of vehicles in charge of drivers and conductors or according to routes covered by them? If so, please give details.
4. Do any of the employees earn bonus for 'accident free' driving? Are any penalties imposed on them for unpunctual running? Please give details of bonuses earned and penalties imposed since January 1944.
5. What arrangements are made for intervals, of rest and weekly holidays in respect of different classes of workers? Are they working satisfactorily?
6. What boarding and lodging arrangements are available for staff on running duties when out of station?
7. Are any concessional passes, uniforms, etc., provided for the employees?
1. Has there been any case of lead poisoning in the press? Give details, if possible, and compensation claims paid during the last ten years. How are cases of suspected lead poisoning treated?
2. Would you consider the gradual loss of eyesight as an occupational disease in the case of some of the Press Workers? Give reasons for your views in the matter.
3. Would you suggest a six monthly compulsory medical examination of workers in printing presses?
Note.—Question No. I in Part I of this questionnaire need not be answered in respect of carpet factories. In its place questions 2 and 3 in this part may be answered.
1. How has the War affected the factory in respect of:—
(a) regularity of employment of labour,
(b) supply of labour,
(c) availability of wool and dyes.
2. State the average daily number of workers, (other than the clerical staff) employed in August 1939 and in January 1944 or date of enquiry as follows:—
(a) Number of workers above 17 years of age.
(b) Number of workers between 15 and 17 years.
(c) Number of workers between 12 and 15 years.
(d) Number of workers under 12 years.
(e) Total number of piece-rate workers.
(f) Total number of time-rate workers.
Note.—Figures for males and females should be given separately in each case.
3. Please state the number of workers employed in the same period in the following form:—
(a) Number of workers (of all ages) employed and paid directly by the factory.
(b) Number of workers (of all ages) employed and paid by master-weavers.
(c) Number of workers (of all ages) employed by master-weavers but paid by the factory.
(d) Number of workers (of all ages) employed by the factory but paid by the master-weavers.
4. Are there any particular difficulties in the way of direct employment and payment of weavers by the management? Have any attempts been made in this direction? If so, with what results?
5. What are the particular advantages of the system of recruitment and payment of weavers by master-weavers?
6 What is the basis of payment to (a) master-weavers, (b) weavers employed by master-weavers and (c) weavers employed directly? What changes have taken place in these rates since August 1939?
7. What deductions are made from wages? In particular, mention the extent to which deductions are made on account of fines and spoiled material.
8. Are there any workers whose wages are not paid to them by the employers or weaving masters, but to their parents or guardians or any middlemen? If so, what are the reasons for this. Is this system open to any abuse?
9. Is any work done at night? If so, describe the lighting arrangements and hours of night work.
10. Describe the posture in which weaving is done. Do you consider it comfortable or injurious to health? Is any improvement possible?
11. Is there any evidence that corporal punishment is meted out sometimes to workers by master-weavers or employers?
12. State in detail the operation of any law, local provincial or central, that applies to the factory
1.3. Is there any evidence to show that some weavers are contracted out by master-weavers against loan of money paid to them or their guardians?
(I) Mica, and (II) Iron Ore
I. What are the functions of the recruiting Sirdars? Are you in favour of retaining the system?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the system of employing raising contractors? Should the system be continued or abolished?"
3. If you have raising contractors, what is the rate per ton or per tub paid to them and the rate per ton or per tub paid by them to the cutters?
4. Are wages paid directly to workers or through gangmen, Sirdars or raising contractors? In the latter case do they charge any commission and, if so, from whom?
5. How do wages of contract labour compare with the wages of those employed direct?
F.N. 32—2 M. of Lab./56.
6. What are the various benefits in kind paid to the worker in addition to his cash wages? If possible, please evaluate them in terms of money.
7. What is the method of calculating the production of the miners for calculating their wages?
8. Are there any complaints in your mine regarding under or over payment for the production of the miners as a result of manipulation of accounts by the staff concerned? If so, what steps have been taken to deal with these complaints?
9. Do you consider that the earnings of the miners are adequate keeping in view the risks and difficulties of their occupation? If not, what measures would you suggest to increase them?
10. What are your views regarding the extension of the Payment of Wages Act to mines?
11. What is the extent of absenteeism among the miners in your mine and how do you account for it? Please suggest ways and means to counteract it.
12. What effects did the stoppage of employment of women in the pre-war years have on:—
(a) the mining industry,
(b) standard of living of the miners, and
(c) female workers.
13. To what extent, if any, are the provisions of the Indian Mines Act disregarded about the employment of children? Are you aware of any breach of the Children (Pledging of Labour) Act in any of the mines?
14. (a) What have been the effects of the restriction of working hours, as enforced by the Indian Mines Act on:—
(i) the health and efficiency of adult workers and young persons working below ground, and
(b) Should the upper age limit in the case of young persons prescribed by the Act, viz., 17 be modified?
(c) Will a further reduction of working hours result in increasing, maintaining or decreasing the present production?
15. What is the incidence of Sillicosis, Miner's Nystagmus, Cellulitis and other industrial diseases peculiar to mining in your mine? What steps, if any, have been taken to deal with such diseases?
16. To what extent on the provisions relating to Safety Measures laid down in the Indian Mines Act and in the Regulations made there under observed in the mines? Are they adequate?
17. What facilities do you provide for training the prescribed number of your workers in First Aid. What is the duration of the course? Do you have refresher courses for workers already trained? Is the equipment for First Aid adequate? Please give details.
18. Have employers made any arrangements above or below ground for the supply of refreshments and cooked food to workers?
19. Is the drink and drug evil rampant among the miners? If so, have you any suggestions for the eradication of the evil?
20. Are the provisions of the Indian Mines Act and Rules made there under being strictly enforced? If not, please state the extent to which evasion or violation is taking place in respect of any provisions and the methods or means of such evasion or violation.
21. Have you any suggestions to make for improving the Indian Mines Act or its. administrative machinery with a view to protecting labour or ameliorating its condition? If so, please mention them.
22. Are you in favour of extending the Factories Act to mica-splitting establishments? Please give reasons.
23. How far does "piracy" prevail in the mica-mining industry? How far is it carried on by the workers themselves? How far is it due to low wages?
Seedlac and Shellac
1. If the factory is seasonal what are its months of active working in the year?
For how many days in the year does it work?
2. What are the causes of fluctuations in employment in this industry? What remedies would you propose to stabilise employment in it?
3. If any mechanical power is used state the purposes for which it is used. What is the kind of power in use?
4. What are the possibilities of using better machinery and technique of production in the industry? What effect would this have on employment in the long run?
5. What are the main types of workers engaged in the industry and what are their precise functions?
What is the nature of work done by women and children?
6. Are there any breaches of the Employment of Children Amendment Act of 1939 which prohibits the employment of children below 12 years in the industry?
7. Are there any cases of pledging of children in lieu of payment of debts or otherwise, contrary to the provisions of the Children (Pledging of Labour) Act, 1933?
8. Where work is seasonal what is the occupation of the workers in the off-season period?
B. Wages and Earnings
9. State whether joint wages are paid to workers in any occupation. What is the basis of payment in such cases and how are wages divided by workers among themselves?
10. Where weight is the basis of payment is weighment done correctly? What is the usual excess of weight per maund, allowed by the employer in his own favour?
11. How long does it take normally to wash one maund of seedlac and melt one maund of washed lac?
12. What difference does the quality of lac make in the time taken to wash and melt one maund of it?
13. Is any allowance made for quality in determining payment to workers?
C. Hours and Conditions of Work
14. Describe the arrangement of chulhas, bhattas, or stoves in the factory. What is the number of melting sheds?
How many bhattas are there in each shed?
What is the area of each shed?
How many persons work in each shed?
Do women and children work in these sheds?
What is the height of ceiling in melting sheds?
What is the state of ventilation in them?
Describe the type of floor, condition of roofs, lighting and temperature in the factory.
15. How often is the water used for washing lac changed?
Do men, women and children have to stand in water during the process of washing?
Questionnaire for ad hoc survey of Port Labour.
Name of Centre......................
Recruitment and Employment
I A. State the approximate number of workers employed by you in this port in 1939 and since January 1944.
Permanent ... 1939.............. 1944
Casual ... 1939.............. 1944.
B. What is your estimate of the number of workers who are immigrant? From what areas do they emigrate?
2. Describe the system of recruitment and employment of both permanent and casual workers. To what extent is casual labour employed directly? Are there any particular difficulties in the way of direct employment and payment of Casual Labour?
3. Please describe the various kinds of work on which port workers are employed, and indicate the basis of distinction between skilled and unskilled labour.
4. If casual labour is engaged and paid through the agency of jamadars or sirdars, please point out any particular advantages of such a system.
Is it open to any abuses? In particular is there any evidence of bribery or special commission paid by workers to secure employment?
5. A. What are your minimum daily requirements of labour?
B. To what extent, is the number of your permanent employees less than your minimum daily requirements? Is it not possible to maintain a larger permanently employed labour force? If not, please state reasons.
6. A. What is the approximate number of persons normally seeking employment daily?
B. Can you give an estimate of the number which fails to obtain employment (a) in the busy season, (b) in the slack season?
C. What are the principle causes of fluctuations in employment? Can you suggest measures for reducing such fluctuations?
7. In the employment of casual labour,
(a) Do you or your agents maintain any preference lists of workers by which preference is given to workers employed previously?
(b) Is there a system of registration of such workers?
8. A. It is believed that registration of workers would be an effective means of controlling new entrants, regularising employment and reducing the excess of supply to a minimum. Do you agree?
B. Are there any difficulties in the way of maintaining registers and alloting registration or license numbers, to casual workers?
9 Can you suggest any other method of decasualisation and equitable distribution of employment?
10. Are there any periods during which a general scarcity of labour is experienced? To what extent is the migratory character of port workers responsible for such scarcity?
11. Are there any particular points in the port area where casual workers collect in expectation of finding employment? How many such points are there and how far are they from one another?
12 A. Is it your experience that excess of labour in some parts of the port co-exists occasionally with scarcity elsewhere?
B. Are there satisfactory means of communication and transport between them so that labour may be called from places where it is in excess supply to where it is required?
C. If not, do you think that the existence of such means of communication and transport would increase mobility of labour and reduce unemployment?
13. In case of failure to obtain employment what alternative forms of employment are available to casual workers?
14. A. Give an estimate of the average number of days in the month from which casual workers find employment? How does it compare with pre-war conditions?
B. In selecting workers for daily employment do sirdars tend to give preference to younger workers?
15. What is the normal size of a gang of workers? Does it vary from time to time? If so, what are the limits of variations?
Who supervises the work of a gang? If the sirdars, do they also do manual labour?
Wages and Earnings
16. What is the basis of payment to (a) labour contractors (b) Gang jamadars (c) Workers?
17. Are wages paid daily, weekly or monthly? Are pay roll maintained? If so, who maintains them?
18. Please give rates of daily earnings of different categories of casual workers at present. How do they compare with pre-war rates? Are they paid any dearness allowance? If so, how is it calculated and paid? Do workers employed in the Port enjoy any concessions regarding cheap food grains etc. If so, what are these and what would be their monetary equivalent? Is overtime paid for? At what rate is it paid?
19. Are workers employed on the same work paid the same wages? If not, what are the reasons for differential payment? Are terms of payment subject to negotiation in individual cases?
20. What are the rates of weekly or monthly wages of permanent workers including those doing the same work on which casual workers are engaged? How do they compare with pre-war wages?
21. Are permanent workers paid any dearness or other allowances?
22. What are the types of deductions made by Sirdars or contractors from workers' wages? Are such deductions subject to any control?
Conditions of work
23. How many shifts do you work? What is the number of hours of work per shift? What is the normal duration of a shift including intervals for rest, meals or stoppage of work for whatever reason? Are shift times fixed? Please give details about the times of commencement and ending of different shifts. What are the hours and shifts when there is continuous work exceeding a period of 24 hours?
24. Is any labour employed for less than a complete shift? If so how are wages paid in such cases?
25. Please give your estimate of the number of years for which port workers are able to work as such. At what age do they generally retire?
26. What are the most prevalent diseases or maladies among port workers? What medical facilities, if any, are available to them?
27. A. How far has the Indian Port Labour Act, 1935 been successful in protecting port workers against accidents arising from loading and unloading of shifts? What safety measures have been adopted?
B. What is the system of investigation of accidents?
28. Are there any special difficulties felt by port workers in obtaining compensation against accidents? In particular consider the. position of contract and casual labour.
29. How far from the port do casual workers live? Are there any housing facilities provided by employers?
30. What are the means and cost of transport between workers' homes and place of work?
31. To what extent are the provisions of the Employment of Children Act, 1938 being observed? Have you appointed a Labour Officer? If so, what are his functions?
32. In particular what control does he exercise on Sirdars and workers?
Non-Gazetted Railways Services (including Engineering, Transportation, Commercial and other Department but excluding workshop staff).
Name of Railway......................
Areas covered by the Railway..............
Is it Company owned and Company managed or State-owned and State managed?
A. Railway Administration
1. State the constitution of the Railway Board and its relation to:—
(a) State-owned and State-managed Railways.
(b) State-owned and Company-managed Railways.
(c) Company owned and Company-managed Railways.
Classify the different railways under these headings and state, if the Railway Board can enforce its policy in respect of establishment and labour questions on the Company-owned and Company-managed Railways.
2. Describe the administration of railways owned by Indian States. (For Indian States only.)
3. What are the powers of the General Managers or Agents of railways in respect of the non-gazetted staff? Have there been any complaints from the railway staff or from the Central Legislature?
4. State the different categories of employees in the non-gazetted services in the engineering, transportation, commercial and other allied departments (e.g., gangmen, pointsmen, signalmen, porters luggage coolies, semi-skilled and skilled workers and all others who do not hold any gazetted post) and the average daily number employed in each category in August 1939 and in January 1944 as follows:—
|Aug. 1939 Jan. 1944||Aug. 1939 Jan. 1944|
|Employed and paid directly|
|Employed and paid through contractors|
|Employed through contractors but paid directly|
5. Please give statistical information regarding the length of service of the different categories of employees in inferior and labour categories in the following form:-—
Those between 0 & 1 year of service.
Those between 1 & 5 years of service.
Those between 5 & 10 years of service.
Those over 10 years of service.
6. How is recruitment made in various departments in respect of different posts. (e.g., gangmen, keymen, mates semi-skilled and skilled workers and others on supervisory posts in the Engineering Department, Luggage Coolies, Porters, Bhishtis, Sweepers, Lampmen, Jamadars, unskilled workers on or about the different stations, pointsmen, Gatemen, Signalmen, Engine Drivers, Station Masters, etc., in the Transportation and Commercial Department; fitters, cleaners and others in the locomotive sheds)?
Are proper registers of appointments to and dismissals from all these posts kept? Are these examined regularly by administrative and personnel offices? Have there been any complaints on the subject?
7. What is the proportion of gangmen and other labour employed on the permanent way who absent themselves in the sowing and harvesting seasons? Is any preference given to them for re-employment over other persons?
8. State the system of apprenticeship for ordinary and supervisory posts and the terms, if any. How are apprentices selected and trained for appointments like A.P.W.I, etc.? Is the apprenticeship period counted towards total service?
9. Is there any system of graded or time-scale promotion? If so, please give details?
10. State the extent of labour turnover on your railway in respect of the different categories of employees in the inferior and labour staff for the years 1939 and 1943 in the form below:—
|Average daily number of workers employed during the month or year||Total number of workers who left during the month or year|
What are the reasons for this labour turnover? Suggest measure for reducing it.
11. Supply figures for absenteeism for the different categories of employees in the inferior and labour staff for the years 1939 and 1943. What are the causes of this absenteeism and how would you reduce it?
12. Have you any Service Rules governing the relationships of employers and employees? Please supply a copy of the same, if possible.
13. Have you any system of leave with or without pay for your employees? If so, please supply a copy of the same. Do those leave rules, differ from Department to Department on the same railway? Is there any distinction between higher and lower grades of employees on this score?
14. Is there any class of employees eligible to special benefits in regard to recruitment, starting pay, promotion, training, leave or other matters? If so, please give details and also the reasons therefor.
15. Have you any officer to enquire into the grievances of your employees, especially in regard to security of service? If not, what other machinery have you set up for this purpose?
16. What are the wage-rates for different types of employees? What changes have occurred in basic wages (exclusive of all allowances) since August 1939?
17. Please describe in brief the principle determining the fixation of your wage-rates for different classes of your employees. Is there any uniformity of practice in similar departments on the same railway or on the various railways?
18. Please give details of dearness and other allowances, bonuses and gratuities paid to your employees since the outbreak of the war and state which of these are temporary and which are permanent. Are any conditions attached to their payment?
19. Give details of the scales of pay of different types of employees as also the wages and earnings of persons employed under contract.
20. How is overtime calculated and paid for? Is overtime work compulsory? Do you maintain any registers for recording overtime? Are these available to the employees or their representatives for inspection?
21. What deductions are made from wages and why? Have they any relation to pay?
22. Do you impose fines as a disciplinary measures? Is there a Fine Fund? Who is in charge of its disposal? What is the amount outstanding in it and how is it utilised?
23. What are the periods of wage payment for different kinds of employees? How long after the wage period are wages actually paid? State in detail the machinery used for this purpose. What arrangements are made for the payment of employees on the line and what attempts are made to see that the amounts due are correctly paid in the case of illiterate employees?
D. Working Conditions
24. How many shifts are worked by different categories of employees in the engineering, transportation and commercial departments on your railway? What are the number of hours in each shift and the times of commencement and ending? What are the number of hours worked per week and the total spreadover? Is any distinction made between continuous and intermittent character of work in this respect?
25. What arrangements are made for:—
(a) intervals of rest,
(b) weekly holidays, in respect of different workers? Are they working satisfactorily?
26 How far do the International Labour Conventions apply on your railway in respect of:—
(a) working hours,
(b) rest days,
(c) other matters?
27. State the actual conditions of work of each grade of employees. Are these satisfactory?
E. Welfare activities
28. Give a detailed account of welfare arrangements, if any, made for the employees under the following heads:—
(a) Dispensaries and hospitals for employees and their families. Give the number of cases treated every day, prevalent diseases, qualifications of Doctors-in-charge, their emoluments, etc.
(b) Provision of portable canteens for employees working on the line.
(c) Educational facilities for employees.
(d) Recreation for the staff.
(e) Free or concessional passes, uniforms waterproofs, umbrellas, etc.
(f) Benefits to the dependants of the deceased employees.
(g) Any other item.
29. Give details of houses provided by your Railway for different grades of employees with reference to:—
(a) Proportion of employees housed.
c) Types of Houses. d) Sub-letting.
(e) Sanitation and water supply.
(f) Crowding and congestion.
G. Trade Unions and Strikes
30. Are your employees organised into trade unions? State the position regarding membership, monthly subscription, etc. Has there been any agreement regarding wages, hours of work, employment, dismissal, etc. Please supply a copy of the agreement, if any, state whether in your opinion the unions are working satisfactorily or not.
31. Have you any Staff Committee? If so give its constitution and an account of its activities.
32. Give details of strikes on your railways for the last fifteen years. What were the causes of such strikes and how were they settled? How-far were the demands of the strikers satisfied?
H. Safety Acts, etc.
33. Are the following Acts rigidly observed on your Railway;—
(a) Payment of Wages Act.
(b) Workmen's Compensation Act.
(c) Employment of Children Act.
What action have you taken to acquaint your staff with the provisions of these Acts? Have there been any complaints?
34. State the compensation amounts paid every year during the period 1939—44. Under what different headings were the Compensation Claims preferred?
35 Do you have any periodical medical examination for some or all of your employees? When a worker is adjudged medically unfit, what attempts are made to find him other work? Has he the right to be examined by an independent specialist in the event of an adverse medical report?
36. (a) Are your employees indebted? Give an idea of the extent of indebtedness among the different categories and the causes responsible for the same.
(b) Have you started any co-operative credit societies? If so, how are they working?
37. What is the usual rate of interest which employees pay on loans? What remedial measures are in force to reduce this indebtedness and to teach the employees habits of thrift, etc.? How far have they been successful?
38. Please supply a copy each of the rules and regulations of your Provident Fund, Gratuity and Pension Schemes, if any. Do these apply to all classes of employees including contract labour? State the actual number of employees that benefit by each one of these schemes and the extent to which they benefit. Are these benefits adequate?