National Commission on Labour (1967)||
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State intervention in the settlement of industrial disputes started with the Trade Disputes Act, 1929. The Act vested Government with powers which could be used whenever it considered fit to intervene in industrial disputes. It provided for only ad hoc conciliation boards and courts of enquiry. The amending Act of 1938' authorised the Central and Provincial Governments to appoint conciliation officers for mediating in or promoting the settlement of disputes. The Act, however, was not used extensively, as the Government policy at that time continued to be one of laissez faire and selective intervention at the most. Where Government intervened, the procedure consisted of appointing an authority which would investigate into the dispute and make suggestions to the parties for settlement or allow the public to react on its merits on the basis of an independent assessment.