Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
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The representation of industrial labour can be secured by either general or special electorates. We do not feel called upon to enter into a discussion of the merits of these two systems. They have been considered by the Indian Statutory Commission, the Indian Central Committee and the provincial committees on the constitution, without any uniform conclusion being reached. We cannot claim to have devoted to the subject the attention it has received at the hands of these bodies, and a proper examination of so wide an issue would take us far outside our terms of reference. We can say, however, with confidence that, if special electorates are to remain a feature of the Indian constitution, there is hardly any class with so strong a claim to representation by this method as industrial labour. As regards the proper strength of labour representation, we cannot make any quantitative proposals in the absence of particulars of the future authority, size and general composition of the legislatures. Industrial associations have been given substantial representation by means of special constituencies, and a number of seats are also given to associations which are partly commercial and partly industrial. Even after the minor reforms made in 1926, industrial labour by comparison with employers has been under represented. Most of the bodies which have been set up to advise on the future constitution have recommended strengthening the representation of labour, and we urge that, if special constituencies arc retained, it should be recognised that labour has not less claim to representation than employers.