Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The unions, if they are to increase their strength, must find organisers from within the ranks of labour. This does not mean that the trade union officials must be actually working in the industry with which the union is connected. No man who is doing a day's work in a factory or a mine or on a railway can find the time or energy necessary for the work. Further the actual worker, even with the best of employers, cannot display sufficient independence to defend adequately the union's interests. What is required is the whole-time official who has been an actual worker. He must be paid by the unions, since it is impossible to expect that the heavy labour involved will be carried on for nothing; the nexus of payment brings responsibility by making the officials dependent on the union and its fortunes. We recognise that the present income of many unions cannot meet such charges; but the organising official, if he is even moderately competent, will secure a substantial increase in that income. The few unions which have secured such officials have found them profitable investments, and the expense must be faced if a union is to acquire strength. We suggest that those on whom at present the burden of organisation falls should make it their earnest endeavour to find suitable men within the unions to act as officials and should then train them for the position. At, first suitable men will not be readily forthcoming, tor their task will not be the easy one of evoking enthusiasm at times of crisis, but the harder and more valuable one of building up the membership of the union in good times and bad, and instilling into it the sense of loyalty and trust. Moreover there are bound to be failures among those selected. But, as we found during our tour, a few men of the right type have already emerged, and other-will be forthcoming if opportunities are made for them.