Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The Factories Act provides for a weekly rest day. This ordinarily falls on Sunday, but employers can substitute for Sunday any of the three days preceding or following it, subject to the condition that there must not be more than 10 days' continuous work. This proviso, which is designed to enable the more important religious festivals to be substituted for Sundays, appears to give general satisfaction; and in a few centres there are more holidays on substituted days than on Sundays. An attempt was made by the Government of India in 1921 so to amend the law as to ensure that the holiday would fall on the same day of the week for long periods; but the proposal was rejected by the legislature which, we think, interpreted correctly the views both of employers and employed. Some difficulty has been caused by the fact that the law stipulates for a complete calendar day,' so that a break of 36 hours or even 47 hours does not necessarily constitute compliance with it. Where work is conducted continuously on shifts, none of which ends at midnight, the day of rest can be given in principle without being secured in practice, and exemptions are frequent in favour of such factories. The International Labour Convention relating to the weekly rest day, which India has ratified, requires merely 24 hours' continuous rest and not a calendar day's rest; but it is preferable to meet special cases by means of exemptions rather than to alter the principle followed by the Indian law, which is better than that of the Convention.