Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
So far as recruiting is concerned, recent years have seen a great-alteration. When the shortage was acute, the employer had to send into the highways and byways to obtain workers. Overseers, labour contractors and others, stimulated thereto by promises of commissions, journeyed to distant villages and brought back recruits to the mills, paying their fares and expenses to the city. Such methods are still employed for many industries, particularly planting, mining, public works and some seasonal factory industries but now the great majority of managers of perennial factories need go no further than their own gate to obtain the workers they require. Only in minor centres and in the starting of new mills is recourse to the older methods some-times necessary. Contractors are still largely employed in some factory industries, particularly engineering and metal works, but these men are not contractors so much as subordinate employers, and most of them can also secure labour at the factory gate. Unfortunately the removal of the market for labour from the village to the factory gate has not generally meant the assumption by the employer of direct responsibility for the engagement of his own workers. This duty is still left largely to intermediaries, and especially to jobbers. This brings us to one of the most remarkable features of Indian factory organisation.