Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The health of the worker who is transported to the new environment is often subjected to severe strain. In the first place, the climate to which he is accustomed may be radically different from that in which he has now to live. The untravelled villager is very sensitive to climatic changes; differences between one area and an adjacent one can be acutely felt by families that have known no change for centuries. The climatic differences between the Deccan plateau and the island of Bombay, or the United Provinces and the Bengal delta, are striking. At the same time as the change in climate is experienced, a change in diet has To be faced. We deal with the whole subject of diet and health in detail later, but it may be noted here that the change is not one from a diet suited to one climate to a diet suited to another. It is rather the reduction, under economic necessity, of valuable elements of diet, and it accentuates the effect of the change from the wide fields and fresh air of the village to the cramped and often insanitary streets and lanes of the town. The habits of the villager in respect of sanitation and other matters are not easily altered and are fraught with peril in his new surroundings. There are additional dangers from sickness and disease. These are enhanced by the fact that many men are living singly although most of them have been and arc married. To such the life of the city brings with it new and insidious temptations. Alcohol offers its dangerous relief to a fatigued body and an over-stimulated mind while gambling has an attraction not previously experienced for many who have few healthy distractions open to them.