Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
A contributory cause is the joint family system which, by linking the emigrant to the village and even to its soil, serves to keep connections alive in many cases. Moreover, the comparative scarcity of employment for women and children in factories encourages the practice of leaving the family in the village, where their maintenance is more simple and less costly. In the perennial factories as a whole more than three-quarters of the workers are males over 15 years; and the children form a small proportion of the remainder. On the other hand the village offers at least intermittent work for everyone, even for small children. Further, where migration has resulted less from the lack of land than from the precarious character of its yield, there are obvious economic advantages in retaining interests in it. Even where relatives have not been left in the village, the ties of generations are strong. To a large extent, Indian life is a community life, and the more individualistic existence inseparable from a city is strange and unattractive to the villager.