Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
While the Boards may be expected to effect progressive advance in all health matters, the local Government in its Public Health Department must have the right of inspecting plantations at all times. This inspection is required to ensure the enforcement of those matters which are definitely the function of Government, e.g., the collection of vital statistics and the exclusion from work of under-age children. The inspectors would be responsible for keeping Government informed regarding the standards of administration and should also assist the Board's officers in securing observance of its regulations and orders. We consider that an official plantation inspectorate should not work exclusively on plantations, but should rather be appointed to compact geographical areas. In other words, they should be merged in the ordinary rural public health staff. Their work on plantations is likely to be of greater value, if they are also in charge of public health in adjoining areas, whose conditions may materially affect the health of the plantations. We accordingly recommend that the district health officers, who will be ex-officio members of the Boards, should act as Government inspectors of plantations, making such suggestions to the Director of Public Health as they consider advisable and dealing with breaches of the public health laws and regulations on estates. As in the Madras Presidency, it may be found necessary to appoint additional officers of the grade of district health officers to enable effective inspection to be carried out, but these are matters which should be left to the decision of local Governments themselves.