Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
One difficulty which arises in some districts is the existence of other areas adjoining and interspersed with plantations. For complete public control of malaria and epidemic disease generally, it is undesirable to confine the health administration to the plantations themselves, whilst excluding the areas adjoining them. Infectious and contagious diseases do not respect boundary lines and fences.
It was presumably for this reason that the Bengal bill to which we have referred proposed to include zamindari areas within the jurisdiction of the Board of Health. Whilst recognising these difficulties and dangers, we consider that, for the present, it is preferable to limit a Board's control to plantations, although it would always be open to the Board to report to the local Government any action necessary to bring conditions in neighbouring areas up to a reasonable standard The inclusion of other areas would involve both their taxation and their representation on the Board and would introduce problems different from those presented by plantations. For these reasons we consider that Government should remain directly responsible for public health in such areas: the presence on the Board of Government health officials will go far to secure what is reasonably possible in areas whose health is a matter of interest or concern to neighbouring plantations.