Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
As we have already stated, there are three stages in the emigrant's progress. Until now, attention has been concentrated almost entirely on the first stage, namely, up to the emigrant's despatch from his district, and over this stage there has hitherto been overlapping control.
With free recruitment, this stage will lose much of its importance, and we believe that the responsibility can be adequately discharged by district officials. Attention will have to be directed mainly to the second and third stages, namely, during the journey and after the emigrant's arrival on the garden. From the point of view of recruiting, the third stage is the most important one, for irregularities generally come to light after the emigrant has left the recruiting area and it becomes necessary to trace him in Assam. By this time he has passed beyond the reach alike of the Government of the recruiting province, its district staff and the Assam Labour Board; and the only authorities to whom recourse can be had are the administrative authorities in Assam. These are burdened with other duties and have inadequate powers, and in practice the attempt to deal with a recruiting offence after the recruit has left his province is attended by delay and is not always successful. The second stage is also important, for it is advisable to exercise some closer supervision over the transit of the emigrant in order to prevent the regular emigrant being sent otherwise than by the licensed depots.