Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
There are three stages in the emigrant's progress to be considered:—
(1) up to the time of his despatch from his own district;
(2) from that time until his arrival on the garden;
(3) after arrival there.
The term " free recruitment " has often been used to denote the position that would be reached with the abolition of all control. Here, however, we propose to use the term with reference to the first of the above stages only, and in that sense free recruitment, in our opinion, is not inconsistent with control over the transit of the emigrant. The considerations which determine how far control is required at each of the first two stages are not necessarily the same. This point is recognised clearly in the evidence given to us by the Indian Tea Association which, in asking for freedom to choose the agencies by which it will recruit, contemplates the possibility of combining this freedom with control over the forwarding of recruits. The representatives of the industry were also anxious that, as far as possible, control by the industry should be substituted for official control. Their plea was, in fact, that they should be given the opportunity of showing what they could achieve if this were done. Government could retain the power to re-impose restrictions, but it would be the aim of the industry to demonstrate by the actual working of the system that there was no necessity for re-introducing control. We consider that this is a reasonable claim, and in the proposals that follow we have done our best to meet it.