Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
While the Act follows the British model in its main principle and a number of its provisions are directly borrowed from British legislation, it possesses important distinctive features. The main difference lies in the extreme rigidity of the Indian law. The attempt to leave as few openings for disputes as possible has resulted in a code which is necessarily arbitrary in its operation in particular cases, but we are satisfied that, so far as workmen are concerned, the advantages gained greatly outweigh the disadvantages. The inelastic character of the Indian Act is specially marked in respect of the scales of compensation, and while we consider that these scales should now be modified; we regard it as important that the existing precision of the scales should be conserved. Another feature of great importance is the reservation of the settlement of disputes to specially appointed commissioners, who are entrusted with wider powers than those granted to civil courts, and whose procedure is specially prescribed.
From their decisions an appeal is possible only in particular cases, and to the High Court alone. In a number of other directions, which will be evident from the discussion of the details of the measure to which we turn later, the Act contains provisions in some cases of a novel character, designed to meet the peculiar conditions of Indian labour.