Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Mr Cliff, Mr Joshi and Diwan Chaman Lall are of opinion that any consideration of the hours of railway workers must have regard to the fact that the times of beginning and finishing duty are irregular and are spread over both day and night. The workers operating traffic services are responsible for the safety of the travelling public and it is essential that they should be both attentive and alert in the performance of their duties. Staff working the long hours prevalent on some railways must have considerable difficulty in maintaining the requisite standard of efficiency. The reduction to be effected under the Hours of Employment Rules is long over-due and it is admitted that a considerable time will elapse before the Rules are extended to all workers. As the operations would be the same, their application to a lower limit than 60 hours presents no administrative difficulty. The question at issue is, whether it is reasonable to require that the hours of employment of railway workers should exceed the weekly limits of the general body of workers whose hours are regulated by statute. If regard be had both to the International Labour Conventions and to the general practice in other countries, it will be found that no such distinction is attempted. In their opinion our examination of conditions obtaining in India demonstrates that such a contention is untenable. They are, therefore, not prepared to subscribe to our conclusion and accordingly recommend that the weekly hours of continuous workers be reduced to the same level as they have suggested for factory and mine workers, namely, forty-eight.