Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The incidence of accidents is closely related to the character and skill of the labour employed. For instance, in Indian mines the untrained cultivator may be allowed to work at the face on his first day underground and, in the best of mines, the worker's illiteracy increases the difficulty of protecting him against danger. A large staff of trained men is maintained at most mines to look after the safety of miners but conditions at the face change quickly and safety depends to a great extent on the skill and experience of the miner himself. We would invite the attention of employers to this factor in the safety of the mine and, while we do not think that statutory regulation is possible at the present stage, we suggest that owners and managers should ensure the newcomer not being started at work except under skilled supervision. More adequate practical training is especially important in view of the illiteracy and lack of education of the miner, for whom written warnings and instructions are of little use. In stone and similar quarries increased supervision of the use of explosives is especially necessary. First-aid classes are held in the major coalfields and, with the support of the inspectors, a fair number of men have been trained by this means. The ordinary miners should be encouraged to qualify in first aid, and we suggest to managers the grant of inducements to this end. Apart from the practical use of such a qualification, the training in itself has an educative value which makes it especially worthy to be recommended.