Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Apart from seasonal absences, there are other irregularities in the miners' working time which have their effect both upon their earnings and upon the industry. In earlier days it was the miner's custom to come with his family from the village and to go underground for a period which might extend to one, two or more days, returning to the surface and to the village when he had earned as much as he desired at the moment. This manner of working has largely disappeared, though it survived in some degree up to the introduction of the daily limit of hours in 1929. But even abandoned customs leave their mark, and it is probable that the present lack of discipline in regard to working times is due, in part at least, to the tradition of the past. Whatever the cause, few miners work six days a week and few mines have hitherto been able to count on the punctual attendance of their workers, even on those days when they present themselves for work. The mines do not work on Sunday. On Monday very few miners put in an appearance, many are still absent on Tuesday and it is not till Wednesday that a good attendance is secured. Reasonable estimates indicate an average of 4 to 41 days' work per week for the individual miner during the weeks he is at work.
We should add, however, that, if the miner attended for the full working day on six days a week, he would in most mines exceed the legal weekly limit of hours.