Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
If certain factories are to be granted special latitude in the matter of hours, the question of their definition and demarcation requires attention. The latitude which we have suggested is justified only in the case of factories which do not ordinarily work their operatives for more than half the days of the year. In most seasonal factories. however, the season naturally varies with the extent of the crop and other factors, and few owners of seasonal factories could declare beforehand how many days' work would be necessary. We recommend, therefore, that the Act should include within the definition of a seasonal factory certain specified classes of factory. In addition, the provincial Government should have power to declare that any factory falling within these classes should be treated in future as a perennial factory, and that any factory not so included should be treated as seasonal. This power should be subject to the provincial Government being satisfied that the factory is or is not, as the case may be, normally open on more than half the days of the year. In the classes to be specifically treated as seasonal, we would definitely include in all provinces cotton-ginning factories, lac factories, indigo factories, coffee factories, rubber factories and jute presses. We would also include tea factories in all provinces of North India. This list is not intended to be exhaustive and it should be enlarged by the inclusion, with reference to the particular provinces concerned, of any other groups which are entirely or almost entirely seasonal.