Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The case of medical officers stands on an entirely different footing. The medical officer, like the regular inspector, is technically qualified. Further, he has qualifications which the regular inspector lacks, but which are necessary to complete the proper inspection of factories. Many of the questions which arise in connection with factory administration require medical knowledge, and with the growing complexity of Indian industry, the need for this knowledge increases. It is in the larger factories that the need for inspection from a medical point of view is greatest; but there are few factories where some medical supervision is quite unnecessary. We recommend that in every province there should be one officer with medical qualifications appointed as an Inspector of Factories, who should be primarily responsible for inspection from the medical standpoint. In the less important industrial provinces, where there may not be work for a full-time officer, an assistant of the Director of Public Health could undertake these duties. In the chief industrial provinces there is ample work to justify the appointment of more than one such medical inspector.. There are, for example, two medical officers already employed as certifying surgeons in the Hooghly area, and the duties of certifying surgeons might be combined with those of medical inspection. While the medical inspectors might exercise the full powers of an inspector, and need not be precluded from giving attention to points lying outside their particular sphere, they would ordinarily be responsible only for the health of operatives. Where the medical inspectors and certifying surgeons are separate officers, the latter should also be empowered as inspectors. The delimitation of the duties of the medical inspector would be a matter for the Chief Inspector of Factories and the Director of Public Health to arrange; such matters, as sanitation, ventilation and the purity of the atmosphere would naturally receive their special attention, and there is great need for systematic investigation into a number of questions related to the health of factory operatives. including industrial disease.