Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
At present the position of the factory inspector in prosecutions seems to be open to doubt. He is ordinarily the complainant and he is generally the principal witness. Some courts allow him to act, formally or otherwise, as prosecutor and to examine other witnesses; others regard this as not in accordance with the law. In important cases counsel can be and are engaged by Government, and this practice is to be encouraged; but in smaller cases, when the Inspector. is not allowed to conduct the prosecution, there is either no prosecutor, or the prosecuting inspector may be employed. The latter is a police officer, and the majority of officers of this class have no experience of factory cases. Chief Inspectors in all cases and other factory inspectors, when authorised by the local Government, should be competent to act as prosecutors, and we recommend that this be laid down in the relevant Act.