Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Children are almost universally employed on a half-time basis, and the reduction of adult hours will remove any objection to the reduction of children's hours to a maximum of 5 daily. In factories working adults a 9 hour day, 4 1/2 will be the most suitable hours for children. We have considered the possibility of reducing children's hours to a lower level than 5 daily, but we do not recommend this step, as any further substantial limitation, which would prevent the employment of children on half-time work, would probably lead to their complete elimination in most cases. While we have no desire to encourage the employment of children, we doubt if the extent of their present employment goes much beyond the provision of jobs for those who would live in the industrial areas in any case. Along with the question of hours, we have considered the suitability of the present limits of age for children, namely 12 and 15 years, and have decided to recommend no change. We do not regard a 4 1/2 or 5 hour day, on work of the character which children are generally required to do, as excessive for children of these ages, provided always that the existing law which requires that the child should be medically certified as fit for such employment, is strictly enforced.