Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We received a number of opinions in favour of fixing the maximum for women's hours at lower levels than those prescribed for men. The main arguments in favour of this course are that women have domestic duties to perform, and that they find the long hours a greater strain. In practice, too, their hours are shorter in a number of factories. On the other hand, to restrict women by law to shorter hours than men would undoubtedly lead to the substitution of men for women in many factories, and we believe that it is desirable to increase rather than to diminish the openings for the employment of women. The sex disparity in many big cities, which is already a menace to the life of the industrial worker, would be further accentuated by an increase in the proportion of men employed, while it would be diminished if women were more generally employed. Moreover, if hours are limited as we recommend, there will be less danger of their exceeding the capacity of Indian women.