Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We have referred to factory labour as drawn from rural areas and, as often as not, from areas at long distances from the factories. This is the case even when the factories are situated in or close to a great city. It is here that we strike perhaps the most fundamental difference between the Indian factory workers and the corresponding class in the West. The latter is drawn mainly from persons brought up in the towns, and partly from those who have abandoned the country for the towns. The Indian factory operatives are nearly all migrants. But the difference does not end here. In India the migration from the rural areas to the factories is not in the main a permanent exodus; it is, in the minds of those who undertake it and to a large extent in fact, a temporary transfer, and the recruit to industry continues to regard as his home the place from which he has come. A true understanding of this position is a necessary approach to nearly all the problems affecting this type of labour, and we must go on to examine in greater detail the character of the contact between the village and the factory.