Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
There are, however, certain difficulties connected with central, legislation which must be faced. As a rule those who have given evidence before us have been impressed by the advantages which have resulted from the present arrangement, by which the more important labour laws are passed by the Central Legislature and administered by the provincial Governments. But there are important factors in the present position which are likely to be profoundly modified under any future constitution, In the first place, the Central Government have at present the power of superintendence, direction and control. If in practice this has involved no close supervision over administration, it has been of assistance in preventing the value of legislation being impaired by lax administration. Another factor which has probably been more valuable in securing smooth working has been the tradition of the past. The system of administration was devised in a period when the authority of the Central Government was complete, and the actual administration has remained largely in the hands of men who had been responsible for it prior to the Reforms. The inherent, difficulties of the position are also minimised by the fact that the side of the provincial Government which is responsible for administration is not at present responsible to the local legislature. It is impossible to assume that, as these factors change or disappear, the working of a system, which gives responsibility for policy to the centre and for administration to the provinces, will remain unaffected. It seems to us, therefore, important to ensure that, if the links which do much to hold together the existing structure are removed, there is sufficient assurance that legislation and administration are not completely divorced from each other.