Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The labour seats in the Legislative Assembly and the provincial legislatures, which number 10 in the aggregate, are all filled by nomination. It is generally recognised that the system of nomination is unsatisfactory, and it has evidently been adopted only because of the difficulties of devising a satisfactory method of election. With a system of nomination, the whole educative force of election is lost, and however carefully the representatives are selected by the nominating authority, it is difficult for labour to feel the same confidence in them as it, would in elected representatives. Further, the force and authority of the representative himself is weakened by the fact that he has not been elected. We observe that, of the provincial committees appointed to confer with the Indian Statutory Commission, the Bombay Committee favour direct election by members of registered trade unions, while the Bengal and United Provinces Committees favour nomination. The others do not discuss the method of election, but the Madras Committee observes that industrial labour is not sufficiently organised to be separately represented. The Indian Central Committee's report suggests separate electorates for organised labour in all the provinces and in the Central Legislature, without particularising the method of election. Finally, we quote the following from the report of the Indian Statutory commission under the head " Representation of Labour ":—
" We have made careful inquiries with a view to making adequate arrangements for the representation of labour employed in large-scale industry in various parts of India, but no ready-made solution is available. Mr. Whitley's Commission will doubtless throw more light on a very obscure problem.***** The best suggestion we can make is that in every province the Governor should have the duty of drawing up rules for securing, by the means which in existing circumstances are the best available, labour representation. If the Governor finds that for the present he must still resort to nomination he should consider whether there are suitable labour organisations which he might consult before making his choice".
One member of that Commission, who opposed special representation for particular interests, advocated the introduction of adult suffrage in certain industrial areas.