Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
As we have observed, there is already a Commissioner of Labour in Madras, and in three other provinces there are appointments which can be converted into such commissionerships. Of the provinces where an entirely new appointment is required, the need is greatest in Bihar and Orissa and the United Provinces. In the Central Provinces and the Punjab, owing to their smaller industrial importance, even the duties we have enumerated may not justify a whole-time appointment. If, here or elsewhere, part-time appointments have to be made, we urge that the principle advocated by us be followed, namely, that there should be an officer with expert knowledge of labour matters who should be retained in the post for a reasonably long period. As regards combination with other duties, we have noted the tendency in some provinces to give the Director of Industries responsibility for labour matters, and we recognise that this officer's work tends to give him familiarity with certain aspects of labour. But in our opinion this combination is undesirable, as the officer who properly discharges his duties in the one appointment tends to diminish his own usefulness in the other. We therefore recommend that this combination be avoided. A better combination would be to give the Labour Commissioner some secretariat duties. A number of officers in various provinces combine administrative and secretariat functions and the combination, though not an ideal one, gives the administrative officer closer contact with Government and reduces the amount of correspondence necessary.