Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
So far as general health measures are concerned, the investigations already made show with sufficient clarity what is required, and Government should now take the necessary steps. In respect of housing, there should be a frank recognition of joint responsibility. The municipality, to whom the care of the health of the people of Rangoon has been directly entrusted. are primarily, but not solely. responsible. The health and housing of Rangoon are the concern of Burma as a whole The difficulties of the city arise partly from the fact that it has to shelter immigrant and emigrant labour, which finds employment in other parts of the province at certain seasons. Government cannot leave the municipality to face the difficulties unaided. Employers also have a measure of responsibility, and when they import labour, this responsibility becomes greater. We recommend that the line of action, and the share to be taken by the parties concerned, be now determined at a conference. This should be convened by Government and should include representatives of Government, of the municipality, of employers, of the Development Trust and of the port authorities, with some who are able to voice the needs of labour. We do not suppose that the solution of the housing problem of Rangoon will be simple, but the need of action is imperative, and with vigour and co-operation the difficulties can be overcome.