Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Other important, features, intimately connected with these conditions add to the evils of the situation. The present water supply has long been inadequate to meet the needs of the total population, and the Public Health Committee, in its report sums up the situation by stating that there can be no marked improvement in general conditions until an adequate supply is available. The Corporation has definitely announced that it cannot supply water to any areas not already served, and this decision has prevented the development of housing schemes on land to which water has not been laid. The problem cannot be solved by the sinking of wells. The Government, recognising the difficulties of the situation, decided in 1926 to bear the entire cost of investigation of additional sources from the dual point of view of water and electric power supply, but none of the proposed schemes has yet been undertaken, mainly because of the large expenditure involved. As a result of the shortage of water, large sections of the city are without sewers, and because of the increased difficulties of ensuring efficient sanitation, the death rate of these sections is generally higher than that of other sections more fortunately situated. This defect is so pronounced that it has been proposed to supply river water for flushing the drains and for cleansing the paved drainage spaces.
One further result has been to prohibit the use of areas which in other circumstances could be made reasonably sanitary and be utilised to relieve existing congestion. The disposal of the Development Trust lands is handicapped because further efforts to open up communications and make land available would greatly restrict the Trust's activities by the sinking of capital in land and houses to which no water could be brought. The position is that no material extension of the areas to be used for development schemes can be undertaken until a greatly increased water supply is provided. Even in the areas provided with water, there are constant complaints of shortage of supplies, mainly because of the tremendous wastage which is permitted.