Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In the absence of Government, or other medical institutions, the provision of medical facilities for their labourers is accepted by most planters as an essential part of their expenditure. In many of the larger and more progressive concerns the medical arrangements are of a high standard. In some oases the unit of organisation consists of a group of 10 to 15 gardens, under the control of a highly qualified medical officer responsible for the medical and health work of the whole group. Although in many instances the individual garden dispensaries are manned only by compounders, the chief medical officer ordinarily visits each garden once or twice a week, so that the health of the labourer receives fairly adequate attention. In the case of the smaller gardens, as might be expected, the medical arrangements are often unsatisfactory, both as regards staff and facilities for treatment.
The compounder takes the place of the medical officer, the dispensary contains a minimum of drugs, whilst the so-called hospital accommodation is uninviting. Indeed our inspectional lead us to believe that in some cases it is in fact never used. In certain other gardens no medical provision of any kind is made.