Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The importance of developing healthy trade unions is denied by practically none. Government has declared its policy to be one of encouragement, and a great majority of employers appearing before us avowed a similar aim. While a minority of employers are frankly opposed to trade unions, we have been struck by the considerable measure of unanimity on this point on the part of responsible employers' organisations and individuals, including officials in charge of Government establishments. Some employers are genuinely puzzled as to the methods by which they can attain the aim in view. But in many cases we found it difficult to ascertain what active steps had been taken to encourage the growth of healthy trade unionism, whilst the attitude of some emplovers in their dealings with trade unions was singularly ill-calculated to secure that end. We would urge that the repression of trade unions because of unhealthy tendencies is unlikely to produce a healthy growth. A movement which is facing so many difficulties cannot be expected to begin at the stage achieved in other countries through long experience and after many vicissitudes. Responsibility can only be developed by power and by experience. If relationships and co-operation are to be withheld until individual unions, or the movement generally, attain vigorous health, that stage is likely to be long deferred.